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Urban sprawl has gradually reduced, while population densities of suburbs has increased. The most expensive properties are located in the Pechersk, and Khreshchatyk areas.
It is also prestigious to own a property in newly constructed buildings in the Kharkivskyi Raion or Obolon along the Dnieper.
Ukrainian independence at the turn of the millennium has heralded other changes. Western-style residential complexes, modern nightclubs , classy restaurants and prestigious hotels opened in the centre.
And most importantly, with the easing of the visa rules in ,  Ukraine is positioning itself as a prime tourist attraction, with Kiev, among the other large cities, looking to profit from new opportunities.
The centre of Kiev has been cleaned up and buildings have been restored and redecorated, especially Khreshchatyk and Maidan Nezalezhnosti.
Many historic areas of Kiev, such as Andriyivskyy Descent , have become popular street vendor locations, where one can find traditional Ukrainian art , religious items, books, game sets most commonly chess as well as jewellery for sale.
Noteworthy historical architectural landmarks also include the Mariyinsky Palace designed and constructed from to , then reconstructed in , several Orthodox churches such as St.
Sophia Cathedral , the venerated Vladimir the Great St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral. National Bank of Ukraine.
Monument to Mother, the Motherland. Kiev retained through centuries its cultural importance and even at times of relative decay, it remained the centre of primary importance of Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
Its sacred sites, which include the Kiev Pechersk Lavra the Monastery of the Caves and the Saint Sophia Cathedral are probably the most famous, attracted pilgrims for centuries and now recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site remain the primary religious centres as well as the major tourist attraction.
The above-mentioned sites are also part of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine collection. In Kiev had four theatres, one opera house and one concert hall,  but most tickets then were allocated to "privileged groups".
Numerous songs and paintings were dedicated to the city. The most popular songs are "How not to love you, Kiev of mine? It is said that one can walk from one end of Kiev to the other in the summertime without leaving the shade of its many trees.
Most characteristic are the horse-chestnuts Ukrainian: Kiev is known as a green city with two botanical gardens and numerous large and small parks.
The Museum of The History of Ukraine in World War II is located here, which offers both indoor and outdoor displays of military history and equipment surrounded by verdant hills overlooking the Dnieper river.
Among the numerous islands, Venetsianskyi or Hydropark is the most developed. It is accessible by metro or by car, and includes an amusement park, swimming beaches, boat rentals, and night clubs.
The Victory Park Park Peremohy located near Darnytsia subway station is a popular destination for strollers, joggers, and cyclists. Boating, fishing, and water sports are popular pastimes in Kiev.
The area lakes and rivers freeze over in the winter and ice fishermen are a frequent sight, as are children with their ice skates.
The centre of Kiev Independence Square and Khreschatyk Street becomes a large outdoor party place at night during summer months, with thousands of people having a good time in nearby restaurants, clubs and outdoor cafes.
The central streets are closed for auto traffic on weekends and holidays. Andriyivskyy Descent is one of the best known historic streets and a major tourist attraction in Kiev.
Each residential region has its own market, or rynok. Here one will find table after table of individuals hawking everything imaginable: Each of the markets has its own unique mix of products with some markets devoted solely to specific wares such as automobiles, car parts, pets, clothing, flowers, and other things.
This territory houses several "mini-villages" that represent by region the traditional rural architecture of Ukraine. Kiev also has numerous recreational attractions like bowling alleys, go-cart tracks, paintball venues, billiard halls and even shooting ranges.
The year-old Kiev Zoo is located on 40 hectares and according to CBC "the zoo has 2, animals from species". Kiev is home to some 40 different museums.
Kiev fortress is the 19th-century fortification buildings situated in Ukrainian capital Kiev, that once belonged to western Russian fortresses.
These structures once a united complex were built in the Pechersk and neighbourhoods by the Russian army. Now some of the buildings are restored and turned into a museum called the Kiev Fortress , while others are in use in various military and commercial installations.
The name Zoloti Vorota is also used for a nearby theatre and a station of the Kiev Metro. The small Ukrainian National Chernobyl Museum acts as both a memorial and historical center devoted to the events surrounding the Chernobyl disaster and its effect on the Ukrainian people, the environment, and subsequent attitudes toward the safety of nuclear power as a whole.
Of these three, Dynamo Kyiv has had the most success over the course of its history. Other prominent non-football sport clubs in the city include: Both of these teams play in the highest Ukrainian leagues for their respective sports.
Budivelnyk was founded in , Sokil was founded in , during the existence of the Soviet Union. Both these teams play their home games at the Kiev Palace of Sports.
During the Summer Olympics held in the Soviet Union , Kiev held the preliminary matches and the quarter-finals of the football tournament at its Olympic Stadium , which was reconstructed specially for the event.
Most Ukrainian national teams play their home international matches in Kiev. The Ukraine national football team , for example, will play matches at the re-constructed Olympic Stadium from Since introducing a visa-free regime for EU-member states and Switzerland in , Ukraine has seen a steady increase in the number of foreign tourists visiting the country.
Economy of Kiev , Economy of Ukraine. As with most capital cities , Kiev is a major administrative, cultural and scientific centre of the country. It is the largest city in Ukraine in terms of both population and area and enjoys the highest levels of business activity.
On 1 January there were around , business entities registered in Kiev. Kiev is a middle-income city, with prices currently comparable to many mid-size American cities i.
Average prices of apartments are the highest in the country and among the highest in eastern Europe. Primary industries in Kiev include utilities — i.
Scientific research is conducted in many institutes of higher education and, additionally, in many research institutes affiliated with the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.
Of these, the Mohyla Academy is the oldest outright, having been founded as a theological school in , however the Shevchenko University, which was founded in , is the oldest in continuous operation.
The total number of institutions of higher education in Kiev currently approaches ,  allowing young people to pursue almost any line of study.
While education traditionally remains largely in the hands of the state there are several accredited private institutions in the city. There are about general secondary schools and ca.
Local public transportation in Kiev includes the Metro underground , buses and minibuses , trolleybuses , trams , taxi and funicular.
There is also an intra-city ring railway service. The publicly owned and operated Kiev Metro is the fastest, the most convenient and affordable network that covers most, but not all, of the city.
The Metro is continuously expanding towards the city limits to meet growing demand, currently having three lines with a total length of The Metro carries around 1.
In , the total number of trips exceeded million. The tram system currently consists of Once a well maintained and widely used method of transport, the system is now gradually being phased out in favor of buses and trolleybuses.
The Kiev funicular was constructed during — It connects the historic Uppertown , and the lower commercial neighborhood of Podil through the steep Volodymyrska Hill overseeing the Dnieper River.
The line consists of only two stations. All public road transport except for some minibuses is operated by the united Kyivpastrans municipal company.
It is heavily subsidized by the city. The Kiev public transport system, except for taxi, uses a simple flat rate tariff system regardless of distance traveled: Digital ticket system is already established in Kiev Metro, with plans for other transport modes.
Discount passes are available for grade school and higher education students. Pensioners use public transportation free.
There are monthly passes in all combinations of public transportation. Ticket prices are regulated by the city government, and the cost of one ride is far lower than in Western Europe.
The taxi market in Kiev is expansive but not regulated. In particular, the taxi fare per kilometer is not regulated. There is a fierce competition between private taxi companies.
European routes , and intersect in Kiev. There are 8 over- Dnieper bridges and dozens of grade-separated intersections in the city.
Several new intersections are under construction. There are plans to build a full-size, fully grade-separated ring road around Kiev.
Overall, Kiev roads are in poor technical condition and maintained inadequately. Traffic jams and lack of parking space are growing problems for all road transport services in Kiev.
Kiev is served by two international passenger airports: There are also the Gostomel cargo airport and additional three operating airfields facilitating the Antonov aircraft manufacturing company and general aviation.
The city has a developed railroad infrastructure including a long-distance passenger station, 6 cargo stations, depots, and repairing facilities.
However, this system still fails to meet the demand for passenger service. Construction is underway for turning the large Darnytsia Railway Station on the left-bank part of Kiev into a long-distance passenger hub, which may ease traffic at the central station.
Presently, only one rail bridge out of two is available for intense train traffic. A new combined rail-auto bridge is under construction, as a part of Darnytsia project.
The suburban train service is fast, and unbeatably safe in terms of traffic accidents. But the trains are not reliable, as they may fall significantly behind schedule, may not be safe in terms of crime, and the elektrichka cars are poorly maintained and are overcrowded in rush hours.
More than a dozen of elektrichka stops are located within the city allowing residents of different neighborhoods to use the suburban trains.
Kiev is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the capital of Ukraine.
For other uses, see Kiev disambiguation. City with special status in Kiev City Municipality, Ukraine. City with special status. Counterclockwise from upper right: Legal status and local government of Kiev.
Government buildings in Kiev. Kiev local election, This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Neighborhoods and raions of Kiev.
History of the Jews in Kiev. Buildings and structures in Kiev. Architecturally important and historically significant sites and monuments in Kiev.
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Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 20 June Kyiv Guide in Russian. Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 23 February Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 22 January The purpose of your intended travel and other facts will determine what type of visa is required under U.
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